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時間:2022-10-17 來源:本站 點擊:258次

鈦合金板廠家

 
   朝鲜越南老挝古巴党中央热烈祝贺中共二十大召开
 
  

Cultural China: Filial piety stories in woodblock painting remain popular******

TIANJIN, Oct. 21 (Xinhua) -- Huo Qingshun is highly familiar with the Yangliuqing woodblock prints displayed in a gallery in north China's Tianjin Municipality, as he is not only an inheritor of the centuries-old craftsmanship but also knows very well morals of the stories described in the artworks.

The Yangliuqing woodblock painting was one of the most popular forms of New Year decorations in China, which flourished in Tianjin and the surrounding areas during a period between the late Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) and the early Qing Dynasty (1644-1911).

The printings contain abundant themes and content, especially traditional Chinese virtues such as filial piety, harmony and benevolence. Many of these stories described in these prints usually remain widely read and promoted in China today.

One idiom, named "Shan Zhen Wen Qin," tells that Huang Xiang, whose mother died when he was nine years old, did his best to take care of his father. During the hot summer, the young boy cooled his father's bed with a fan, and when the weather turned cold in winter, he warmed his father's quilts with his body.

When Huang grew up, he became a government official. He even gave everything he had, salary and property, to save people affected by floods.

Another printing, "Qi Guan Xun Mu," depicts that Zhu Shouchang of the Song Dynasty (960-1279) did not see his mother for 50 years as his father's first wife envied his mother and drove her out, when he was seven.

During the 50 years, Zhu missed his mother all the time and looked for her wherever he went. Zhu finally decided to give up his official position to search for his mother. After going through all the hardships, he finally found her when she was in her 70s.

"Those stories are among the 24 Filial Exemplars, a classic text of Confucian filial piety passing on since the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368), showing the filial piety, a traditional virtue that has been highly valued by the Chinese by generations," Huo said.

"I was obsessed with my father's pictures since I was a child, and what attracted me more were the stories behind the pictures. I always looked forward to my father telling me," recalled Huo, who was born in 1950 and began to learn Yangliuqing woodblock prints from his father at the age of five.

"I gradually fully understood the profound meanings of the stories as I got older, which have also had a positive influence on my life," Huo said.

As an inheritor of Yangliuqing woodblock prints, Huo works with the gallery to pass on the craftsmanship.

"From Huo's introduction, I got to know the ancient artworks and the profound cultural connotations, which taught me to promote filial piety, respect and love my parents," said Peng Yudan, a visitor who visited the gallery.

As China has entered an aging society, the forms of filial piety are changing. Among some popular filial exemplars spreading on the Internet today, people are asked to call their parents every week, visit parents with their children often, buy insurance for parents, as well as teach parents to use computers or cellphones. Enditem

 
  中国大学最赚钱的专业,文科生看哭了
 
  

因山猪成灾 陕西省祭出“杀猪令”:禁猎期缩短到2个月******

  春拱种、夏毁苗、秋啃果是野猪损坏粮食作物的切身体会,对农户导致了非常大的困惑。在中国许多省区,野猪已变成致害范畴最广、导致损害最明显的野生动植物。我国林果业和大草原局在2021年2月,明确了山西省做为第一批防治野猪伤害综合性示范点省区,截止到10月31日,我省共猎捕野猪111头。执行各种赔偿体制兑现和赔付229.85万余元。本应在山林日常生活的野猪为什么经常落山,是栖息地的毁坏或是沒有克星、绿色生态变好造成种群数量快速增加?人们该怎么解决,物种又该怎样科学管控?现在咱们就来科学剖析剖析。

  与生俱来就很强劲。

  野猪分布在欧洲地区、亚洲地区和非州。全球范畴内野猪有8属22种,我国1种7个亚种。我国的大兴安岭地区、吉林长白山、松辽平原、黄淮平原、黄土高原地区及其西部地区和华南地区山坡地均有野猪分布。野猪具备令人震惊的繁殖率、充足的肉食性、强劲的适应力。一只雌虫野猪一年能繁育2次,一胎能生4-12只仔猪。小野猪一年就可生长发育完善,传宗接代。肉食性层面,野猪归属于常见的杂食性动物,绿色植物占有他们食材的90%,叶子、干果、果实、草叶和草根创业都包含以内。他们乃至也吃荤,据陕西省宝鸡陇县群众反映,自己的羊就曾被野猪进攻至死并服用。肉食性繁杂充足使他们更非常容易在野外自然环境中生存出来。此外,不论是严寒或是酷热,不论是山坡地、大草原、戈壁滩、湿地公园或是灌木丛、热带雨林,除开极为旱灾的迪拜和云贵高原高原地区地区,野猪可以融入一切自身能够抵达的各种各样自然环境。

  栖息地降低、沒有克星也是发病原因。

  野猪的伤害以及防治,既是生态问题,也是社会问题。野猪总数的猛增、泛滥成灾,和人矛盾的加重,是生态体系失调的主要表现,从而产生的野猪损害工作人员、危害粮食作物,造成大家一切正常生产制造日常生活纪律遭受明显危害,山西省安康市裴坝村产生野猪致伤事情,造成1死1伤。陕西商洛、延安市黄龙、宝鸡陇县等地野猪常常成群结队落山毁农作物。野猪吃农作物,总得来说仍然是栖息地的问题。栖息地总面积不足、栖息地与田地、人们小区欠缺缓存,这种问题实际上全部的野生动植物都是会碰到,差别仅仅野猪适应能力更强,而其他的小动物会因为栖息地的不够慢慢消声匿迹。不论是海外或是别的有关野猪肇事者的科学研究都发觉,野猪关键偏向于毁坏紧挨着初始栖息地的田地。2000年,我国政府施行“三有保护动物”名册,野猪被列再在其中。擅自猎捕野猪变成违纪行为,再加上国家对不法猎捕个人行为的不断严厉打击,野猪活得无拘无束很是舒适安逸,种群数量瘋狂飙涨;三,因为虎、豹、豺、狼等食肉动物物种消退或降低,造成野猪缺乏克星,种群数量过快提高。

  陕西省减少禁猎期。

  对于人与猪矛盾越来越激烈,山西省公布通知,将野猪禁猎期减少到2个月,由原先每一年3月1日到10月31日调节为3月1日到4月30日。这代表着,每一年3月、4月禁猎野猪,其他十个月可以猎捕野猪。这主要是因为野猪致害通常出现在7月和8月,因此本次调节考虑到在野猪致害最明显的时间段开展猎捕。本次调节禁猎期主要是为了能处理地区老百姓反应的问题,在野猪致害最明显的阶段捕猎,避免给老百姓导致意外伤害和财产损失。尽管禁猎期减少,可是依然必须科学的拟定猎捕计划方案,有效设定猎捕总数,以保持野生植物物种,保持生态体系一致性。扔必须对野猪致害缘故、防控措施开展探寻,以科学的方法来助推物种管控,处理伤害人民人民利益的明显分歧。

  拟定科学防治计划方案。

  拟定科学的治理计划方案,最先必须对本地的野猪种群数量、物种构造、分布及活动内容区域等状况开展调研,把握其集中化分布地区、关键伤害地区和伤害种类,以认真梳理。对于此事,2018年逐渐,陕西省早已对地区的野猪分布及总数开展了全方位的检测。依据《山西省野猪种群数量和分布现况科学研究》,在山西省有野猪分布的县(区、市)为69个,分布区总面积117069km2。我省共分布有野猪128707±16718只,在其中山区地带林地分布有128453±16712只,丘陵地形沟壑区分布有264±10只,平原区荒漠区几乎沒有分布。关键分布于林地与农耕区交叠的林缘地区,在其中秦岭山山区地带、黄龙林及其西山地域分布尤其聚集。对于此事,山西省开设了略阳县、黄龙县、镇安县、岚皋县四个野猪伤害防治试点区,拟定相对应的现行政策,对野猪伤害开展防治。

  在实际防控措施层面,现阶段世界各国对于野猪伤害防控措施关键分成造成了巨大和非造成了巨大:造成了巨大方式关键包含枪击、捕杀、下毒、诱引、狼狗觅食、圈套和套捕;非造成了巨大方式关键包含设定阻碍物、影响技术性、调节栖息地和生物体防控措施,别的防控措施包含熏香剂、食欲不振剂和迁移等。这种方式中的每一种在某种情形下全是有效的,但他们必须资金投入特殊的时长和钱财,而且主要表现出不一样水平的实效性。在陕西省,关键采用造成了巨大和非造成了巨大紧密结合的方法来防治野猪。关键包含:1,应用牧羊犬来猎捕野猪,有一些地区早已进行了狼狗猎捕,可是捕捉率在于狼狗是不是练习素养,与此同时伴随着响声尺寸的提升,捕捉的存活率也会降低;2,人力猎捕,建立并学习培训了专门的猎捕团队,选用捕捉笼或步枪开展诱引猎捕,这一方式存在的不足是猎捕成本费较高;3,一部分农户尝试更改野猪的思想观念和记忆力,让其忘掉吃农作物这一件事儿。假如他们见到田地如同见到人们一样害怕,那麼问题便会处理。关键对策为试着用报警灯、反光贴条、电池充电音响喇叭、唢呐锣鼓、刺金属丝网、弱电安装安全防护网、木围栏、草人、代替性农作物(青储苞米)等多种方法来减少野猪进到田地的次数。

  与时共进,或是要修复野猪克星小动物的当然物种,才有利于从压根清除野猪部分物种太多的安全隐患。“合理猎捕,便是要科学全方位检测野猪的物种动态性,保证捕猎活动内容不造成野猪种群数量降低乃至消退”。

  山西省动物研究所 供稿。


来源于:华商网-华商报。

编写:方方正正。


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